Sustainable Water Solutions
This book provides a detailed review of the modern theories dealing with the structure and properties of water. It also presents an analysis of the research on the effect of activated water on biological systems such as animals, microorganisms, and plants. The results of experiments on the influence of activated water on "pure" microbiological cultures and their natural associations are described, the studies being carried out under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions.The results demonstrate a significant influence of activated water on higher plants (vegetable crops), sterile plants, and callus tissues. It is shown that the activation of water under definite conditions gives rise to the appearance of very strong bactericidal properties: activated water inhibits the development of pathogenic microbiological cultures by tens and hundreds of times more strongly, and can be used for sterilization. In addition, a potent positive effect of activated water on the prevention and treatment of cancer in mice has been observed, and its efficacy compared to that of chemotherapy is discussed in the book.The information provided in this book is supported by intensive experimental data and developed theories. The research programs were conducted at the authors' laboratories in Ukraine and Russia as well as at research facilities located in the USA.
As the First International Conference on Water and Ions in Biological Systems (Bucharest, June 25-27, 1980) was appreciated as a success, a second one was organized in the fall of the year 1982 under the sponsorship of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences, the Romanian Biophysical Society (Union of Societies for Medical Sciences in the Socialist Republic of Romania) and in co- operation with the International Union for Pure and Applied Bio- physics (IUPAB). The responsibility for the scientific program and organization of the Second Conference on Water fell on an International Scientific Committee which included Prof. J. Tigyi (Pees), President of the UNESCO Expert Committee on Biophysics, Prof. K. Wuthrich, Secretary General of IUPAB and Prof. H. Eisenberg, (member of the IUPAB Council) under the guidance of an Executive Board whose members were Prof. J. Jaz (representative of UNESCO), Prof. B. Pullman (Vice- President of IUPAB) and Prof. V. Vasilescu (President of the Romanian Biophysical Society). The Meeting was attended by more than 250 specialists including 150 Romanian participants and others from Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, England, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Greece, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, USSR, USA, Venezuela, Yugoslavia. The proceedings of the Conference took place in the Medical Faculty of Bucharest. The theoretical and practical importance of the Meeting was pointed out by the speakers, among whom were Prof.
Water, with its simple molecular structure, reveals a complex nature upon interaction with other molecules and surfaces. Water at Interfaces: A Molecular Approach provides a broad, multidisciplinary introduction to water at interfaces, focusing on its molecular characteristics. The book considers interfaces at different length scales from single water molecules to involvement of large numbers of water molecules, and from one-dimensional to three-dimensional interfaces. It begins with individual water molecules, describing their basic properties and the fundamental concepts that form the basis of this book.
Continuum's Reader's Guides are clear, concise and accessible introductions to classic works of philosophy. Each book explores the major themes, historical and philosophical context and key passages of a major philosophical text, guiding the reader toward a thorough understanding of often demanding material. Ideal for undergraduate students, the guides provide an essential resource for anyone who needs to get to grips with a philosophical text.Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is arguably the most important work of philosophy of the last two centuries. It is a classic text that is encountered by virtually every student of philosophy. As such, this is a hugely important and exciting, yet notoriously challenging, piece of philosophical writing. In Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason': A Reader's Guide, James Luchte offers a clear and thorough account of this key philosophical work. The book offers a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will enable readers to rapidly navigate the text. Geared towards the specific requirements of students who need to reach a sound understanding of the text as a whole, the guide explores the complex and important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of the reception and influence of Kant's hugely important work.
All societies must manage their water resources. How a society manages and controls its water resources - whether for food and farming, drinking, sanitation, power or transport - plays a formative role in its development. And today, with the global population exceeding seven billion people and the continuing threat of climate change, the challenge remains key to the future of the planet. The pioneering History of Water Series brings a much needed historical perspective to water issues, and reveals how water issues can only be fully understood when all aspects are properly integrated. Covering all aspects of water and society, the series is unprecedented in its geographical coverage and unrivalled in its multidisciplinary span. The volumes in Series II address the importance of our changing perceptions and understandings of water down the ages; the role of human/river relations in historical transformation processes; and the vital geopolitical aspects of water as our demands upon this finite source increase and are exacerbated by climate change. Volume 1: Ideas of Water from Ancient Societies to the Modern World Edited by Terje Tvedt and Terje Oestigard How has water been perceived in different societies and across different eras of history? How have these changing perceptions influenced society? In Ideas of Water, leading international scholars explore the rich record of our ideas, covering all aspects of water, from our changing scientific understandings to the diverse cultural and religious dimensions. The volume challenges conventional understandings and interpretations of water in nature and is one of the first attempts to provide a history of our changing ideas of the role of water in human society.Volume 2: Rivers & Society: From Early Civilizations to Modern Times Edited by Terje Tvedt and Richard CoopeyRivers and Society explores the ways in which human/river relations have shaped important historical transformation processes. Examples range from classical agrarian civilizations, such as the Indus, Angkor and Maya, to analyses of the role of water in the modernization process of countries such as Britain, Japan and Spain. The contributors provide new insights into the ways in which the key relationship between humans and water has given rise to new forms of social organization, new technologies and new economic activity.Volume 3: Water, Geopolitics and the New World OrderEdited by Terje Tvedt, Graham Chapman & Roar HagenAs current global trends lead to more people wanting more water, so access to water becomes ever more critical. Those favored by geography have the potential to control access to our planet's most precious - yet finite - resource. As the impact of climate change is felt, so added tensions will complicate already complex and delicate issues. This timely volume shows how water has become an issue of growing geopolitical importance - locally, regionally and globally. Drawing on a wealth of contrasting examples, the contributors offer a deeper understanding of the issues, of the close association between water and power, and of the potential for cooperative solutions.
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